Converting JSON to/from Java Maps using JACKSON API

Since JSON format is essentially a key-value pair grouping, JSON can easily be converted to/from Java maps. This post is about JSON to MAP conversion.

Step 1: Include JACKSON dependency in pom.xml

There are several jar in JACKSON library. For this example, we are only using databind.

<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

  <groupId>com.websystique.xml</groupId>
  <artifactId>JsonJacksonMapMappingDemo</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.0</version>
  <packaging>jar</packaging>

  <name>JsonJacksonMapMappingDemo</name>

  <dependencies>
	<dependency>
		<groupId>com.fasterxml.jackson.core</groupId>
		<artifactId>jackson-databind</artifactId>
		<version>2.5.3</version>
	</dependency>
  </dependencies>
 </project>

Step 2: Convert Java Map to JSON and write JSON to a file

Populate a Map, convert into JSON and write that JSON to a file

package com.websystique.json.jackson;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.type.TypeReference;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class JsonJacksonMapMappingDemo {

	public static void main(String args[]) {
		ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();

		Map<String, Object> carMap = new HashMap<String, Object>();

		carMap.put("car", "Audi");
		carMap.put("price", "30000");
		carMap.put("model", "2010");

		List<String> colors = new ArrayList<String>();
		colors.add("Grey");
		colors.add("White");
		colors.add("Black");

		carMap.put("colors", colors);

		/**
		 * Convert Map to JSON and write to a file
		 */
		try {
			mapper.writeValue(new File("result.json"), carMap);
		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

	}
}

Now open result.json, you should see following output

{"car":"Audi","model":"2010","price":"30000","colors":["Grey","White","Black"]}

Step 3: Convert JSON to Java Map

Read JSON string from a file and convert JSON to Java Map

package com.websystique.json.jackson;

import java.io.File;
import java.util.Map;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.type.TypeReference;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;

public class JsonJacksonMapMappingDemo {

	public static void main(String args[]) {
		ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();


		/**
		 * Read JSON from a file into a Map
		 */
		try {
			Map<String, Object> carMap = mapper.readValue(new File(
					"result.json"), new TypeReference<Map<String, Object>>() {
			});

			System.out.println("Car : " + carMap.get("car"));
			System.out.println("Price : " + carMap.get("price"));
			System.out.println("Model : " + carMap.get("model"));
			System.out.println("Colors : " + carMap.get("colors"));

		} catch (Exception e) {
			e.printStackTrace();
		}

	}
}

Below is the output:

Car : Audi
Price : 30000
Model : 2010
Colors : [Grey, White, Black]

That’s it. In the next post we will learn about Jackson Tree model api.

References

If you like tutorials on this site, why not take a step further and connect me on Facebook , Google Plus & Twitter as well? I would love to hear your thoughts on these articles, it will help me improve further our learning process.

If you appreciate the effort I have put in this learning site, help me improve the visibility of this site towards global audience by sharing and linking this site from within and beyond your network. You & your friends can always link my site from your site on www.websystique.com, and share the learning.

After all, we are here to learn together, aren’t we?